Performing CPR is one of the most important actions to perform when someone is suffering from cardiac arrest. CPR keeps the brain alive and ensures that the oxygen-rich blood reaches the brain.
In order to perform CPR, you need to have a good seal around the person’s mouth and nose. This can be achieved by using a face mask. If you don’t have a face mask, you can use the person’s mouth to make a seal.
Start by laying the person on his or her back, then lift up the chin. Then, gently tilt the head back to a neutral position.
After the head has been tilted, place two fingers on the center of the chest. The heel of your hand should be on the breastbone, and you should use the rest of your fingers to circle the area around the chest.
Next, give the person two quick breaths. Continue giving two breaths every two minutes. Then, alternate between compressions and rescue breaths.
If the person starts breathing again, you should lie him or her on his or her side. Repeat the cycle of compressions and breaths until medical help arrives.
If you are not experienced with CPR, you should call 911 before performing the procedure. The dispatcher can explain the procedure to you. If you don’t have a telephone, you can also take an accredited first aid training course.
After performing 30 compressions, the person should be given two rescue breaths. Then, continue with 30 more compressions.